Conn Creek in St. Helena, Napa Valley, was founded in 1973 by Bill and Kathy Collins, who had been amateur winemakers and enthusiasts making wine in their home. But after purchasing 54 acres of vineyards in northern Napa Valley the couple embarked on producing Cabernet Sauvignon under the Conn Creek label. In 1986 the estate was sold to Stimson Lane, the wine and spirits conglomerate owned by Altria, previously known as the Philip Morris Companies Inc. Today the estate makes Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Cabernet Franc and Anthology, its flagship blend of Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Merlot, Cabernet Franc and Petit Verdot.
Napa Valley AVA is the most famous winemaking region in the United States and one of the most prestigious in the world. With nearly 43,000 acres of vineyards and more than 300 wineries, it is the heart of fine wine production in the United States. Winemaking started in Napa in 1838 when George C. Yount planted grapes and began producing wine commercially. Other winemaking pioneers followed in the late 19th century, including the founders of Charles Krug, Schramsberg, Inglenook and Beaulieu Vineyards. An infestation of phylloxera, an insect that attacks vine roots, and the onset of Prohibition nearly wiped out the nascent Napa wine industry in the early 20th century. But by the late 1950s and early 1960s Robert Mondavi and other visionaries were producing quality wines easily distinguishable from the mass-produced jug wines made in California’s Central Valley. Napa Valley’s AVA was established in 1983, and today there are 16 sub-appellations within the Napa Valley AVA. Many grapes grow well in Napa’s Mediterranean climate, but the region is best known for Cabernet Sauvignon. Chardonnay is also very successfully cultivated, and about 30% of the AVA’s acreage is planted to white grapes, with the majority of those grapes being Chardonnay,