Vincent Arroyo Winery offered its first commercial release in 1984, twelve years after Vincent Arroyo bought farming property just north of Calistoga. Arroyo was an engineer in Silicon Valley but longed for a rural lifestyle. He planted vineyards and sold his grapes to a Napa cooperative for the first few years. Today Arroyo’s daughter Adrian and her husband Matt Moye run the winery. Moye is also the winemaker. The winery owns vineyards and sources grapes from nearby vineyards. Vincent Arroyo produces more than 8,000 cases of wine annually and makes red, white and dessert wines.
Napa Valley AVA is the most famous winemaking region in the United States and one of the most prestigious in the world. With nearly 43,000 acres of vineyards and more than 300 wineries, it is the heart of fine wine production in the United States. Winemaking started in Napa in 1838 when George C. Yount planted grapes and began producing wine commercially. Other winemaking pioneers followed in the late 19th century, including the founders of Charles Krug, Schramsberg, Inglenook and Beaulieu Vineyards. An infestation of phylloxera, an insect that attacks vine roots, and the onset of Prohibition nearly wiped out the nascent Napa wine industry in the early 20th century. But by the late 1950s and early 1960s Robert Mondavi and other visionaries were producing quality wines easily distinguishable from the mass-produced jug wines made in California’s Central Valley. Napa Valley’s AVA was established in 1983, and today there are 16 sub-appellations within the Napa Valley AVA. Many grapes grow well in Napa’s Mediterranean climate, but the region is best known for Cabernet Sauvignon. Chardonnay is also very successfully cultivated, and about 30% of the AVA’s acreage is planted to white grapes, with the majority of those grapes being Chardonnay,