Otago, also referred to as Central Otago, is one of the world’s most southern wine producing regions. Located in the interior of the southern end of New Zealand’s South Island, it includes about 5,000 vineyard acres, nearly 70% of which are planted to Pinot Noir. The remaining acres are planted to Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling, Pinot Gris and Gewurztraminer. Most Otago vineyards are at 1,000 feet above sea level and are exposed to wide daily temperature swings. Days are hot and nights are cold. Summers are dry but substantial snows are normal in winter. Europeans moved to the area in the 1860s during a rush to find gold, and the first grape vines were planted by a French gold miner who decided it might be lucrative to make wine. Serious commercial wine production didn’t start until the mid-20th century, however, and most expansion has come since the 1990s. In 1996 there were 11 wineries in Otago; today there are nearly 100.