Château Mouton-Baronne-Philippe is the former name of Château d’Armailhac, which is a Fifth Growth chateau in the Pauillac appellation of Bordeaux. The 126-acre estate has a complicated history and was renamed three times in the 20th century. From the 17th century until 1955 it was known as Château Mouton d’Armailhac. In 1933 it was purchased by Baron Philippe de Rothschild. The Baron renamed it Mouton-Baron-Philippe in 1956, and in 1975 changed it to Mouton-Baronne-Philippe, to honor his wife. Since 1989 it has once again been called Château d’Armailhac. The de Rothschild family also owns Mouton Rothschild and Clerc Milon. The estate is planted to 56% Cabernet Sauvignon, 22% Merlot, 20% Cabernet Franc and 2% Petit Verdot. Some 220,000 bottles are produced each year.
Pauillac is Bordeaux’s most famous appellation, thanks to the fact that it is home to three of the region’s fabled first-growth châteaux, Lafite-Rothschild, Mouton-Rothschild and Latour. Perched on the left bank of the Gironde River north of the city of Bordeaux, Pauillac is centered around the commune of Pauillac and includes about 3,000 acres of vineyards. The Bordeaux classification of 1855 named 18 classified growths, including the three above mentioned First Growths. Cabernet Sauvignon is the principal grape grown, followed by Merlot. The soil is mostly sandy gravel mixed with marl and iron. Robert M. Parker Jr. has written that “the textbook Pauillac would tend to have a rich, full-bodied texture, a distinctive bouquet of black currants, licorice and cedary scents, and excellent aging potential.”